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International express laws

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Chapter I General Provisions

In order to strengthen the management of international cargo air transport, protect the legitimate rights and interests of the carrier, shipper and consignee, safeguard the normal order of international air transport, according to "People"s Republic of China Civil Aviation" Chapter IX Public Air Transport the relevant provisions of the enactment of this rule.

Article People"s Republic of China in accordance with law rules applicable to the establishment of public air transport enterprise of civil aircraft transporting goods for reward international air transport, but also for public air transport enterprise (hereinafter referred to as the carrier) civil aircraft free international cargo air transport.

Article III of the Rules, the following terms, unless otherwise stated in specific terms, the following meanings:

(A) "Convention" means under the contract "Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules for International Carriage by Air" Applies signed 12 October 1929 in Warsaw, the transport and the "modify one thousand nine hundred twenty-nine Protocol "signed in October 12 in Warsaw unified international air transport of certain rules of the Convention.

(B) "carrier" is meant to include the issue of the air waybill carrier and transport of goods, transport of goods or the agreement agreed to provide the carrier with any and all of this other air transport-related services.

(C) "agent" means authorized by the carrier, the carrier agents who engage in any activities related to the transport of goods, but the present rules, except as provided otherwise.

(D) "shipper" means goods entering into contract with the carrier, whose name appears on the air waybill shipper column man.

(E) "consignee" means the carrier delivers the goods to the consignee column set forth in the air waybill people.

(F) "air waybill" is a contract of carriage and air cargo transportation and cargo carrier to accept prima facie evidence.

(G) "goods" means in addition to e-mail or with a "ticket and baggage check" luggage transport, the civil aircraft has been or will be transported material goods, including air waybill with luggage transport.

Article carrier for the goods of international air transport, should abide by the laws and regulations of the People"s Republic of China and the transportation of the countries concerned.

Article cargo transported by the charter, the charter shall be signed by the charter contract with the carrier, and setting forth the applicable tariff and the conditions in the charter contract; not stated, it should clearly apply to the relevant charter contract condition.

Chapter II cargo shipping

Article cargo shipper shall comply with the point of departure, the laws and regulations to stop and destination countries.

Article shipper of goods, or on whose behalf shall fill out the air waybill (hereinafter referred to as shippers) originals in triplicate, with the cargo to the carrier. Freight and other costs have been determined, it should be filled in by the carrier shipper.

The first consignment notes marked "for the carrier" by the shipper signed and sealed; the second part shall be marked "for the consignee" by the shipper and the carrier signed and sealed; and the third by the carrier after receiving the goods signed and sealed to the shipper.

Fill carrier shipper at the request of the shipper, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, it shall be deemed behalf of the consignor.

Consignment of more than one package, the carrier may require the shipper to shipper were filled out.

Article VIII of the content on the shipper shipper fill an error or omission, and authorized by the shipper, the carrier may be corrected or supplemented, but not an obligation.

Article 9 The shipper shall include the following:

(A) fill in the date and place;

(B) the place of departure and destination;

(C) the places of departure and destination are within the territory of People"s Republic of China, while outside there is one or more agreed stopping places, indication of at least one such stopping place;

The name and address (iv) the shipper;

The name and address (e) of the first carrier;

The name and address (f) the consignee;

Nature (g) of the goods;

Number (eight) of the package, packaging, special flag or numeral;

(Ix) the weight of the goods, quantity, volume or size;

(J) goods and packaging in apparent;

(K) the freight, as was agreed, the date and place and pay people;

Price (xii) payment when the goods, the goods shall be indicated and the amount of the fee payable when necessary;

(Xiii) need to declare the interest of cargo at the destination delivery, it shall set the amount of the declared value;

(Xiv) waybill copies;

(15) with the shipper to the carrier file;

(Xvi) as has been agreed, it should be noted cargo transport time and outline the routes;

Final destination (17) of the cargo, one stopping place or the place of departure is not agreed within the People"s Republic of China, in accordance with the provisions of applicable international air transport convention, this statement should apply to the transport of the Convention on the shipper It shall contain such a statement on the waybill.

Article X of the shipper shall be responsible for the correctness of the shipping documents filled and statements relating to the cargo. Notes and statements filled by shipper on the non-compliance, incorrect or incomplete, resulting in losses to the carrier or other person responsible for the shipper should bear the liability.

Article XI of the shipper filled content is altered or deleted, the carrier may not receive the shipper.

Article XII shipper value per kilogram gross weight exceeds the prescribed limit cargo carrier may apply for declared value of the goods and pay the declared value surcharge.

Article XIII shipper shall in an appropriate manner on the goods packaging to ensure safe transport of goods under normal control conditions.

The shipper should be clearly and durably marked with the shipper, the consignee"s name and address on each package.

Chapter III Goods accepted for carriage

Article XIV carrier shall not be accepted for carriage and the People"s Republic of China cargo transit laws and state regulations prohibit the transport.

Carrier and transport collection, transportation People"s Republic of China laws and regulations relating to national restrictions on the transport of goods, shall examine the relevant national certifying permit transport.

According to laws and regulations as well as transportation People"s Republic of China in the States concerned must apply the inspections and other formalities of goods before procedures are not completed, the carrier shall not be accepted for carriage.

Carrier collection and transportation of goods to pay the freight, the goods shall conform to the laws and regulations of the destination country, as well as provisions relating to air transport carrier.

Article XV carrier shall be accepted for carriage shipper consignment meets the following conditions:

(A) the point of departure, destination, by laws and regulations to stop flying over the country and allow the transport or import and export;

(Ii) packaging suitable for transport aircraft;

(Iii) with the necessary information, documents;

(Iv) not to endanger the aircraft, the safety of personnel or other property.

Article XVI carrier may goods, cargo packaging, cargo information, document check, but the carrier does not assume the obligations of such inspections.

Article 17 The carrier can be specified for each shipper"s declared value limits. The carrier declared value exceeds its specified limit may refuse to transport goods.

Aircraft carrier may limit the total requirement for each aircraft carrying value of the goods.

Article XVIII of the carrier for the collection, transportation of goods, should carry out safety checks, or take other measures to ensure the security.

The carrier collection and transportation of the goods shall be properly safeguarded to prevent loss or damage to the goods.

Chapter IV tariffs, freight and other charges

Article XIX The carrier shall publish tariffs. Freight shipper shall be the date of filling open effective tariffs.

Article 20 Unless otherwise provided by the carrier, the freight and shipping costs apply only to the airport to airport, air transport, not including carrier providing air transportation charged by other costs related to ancillary services.

Article shipper should use a carrier currencies published freight and other charges paid. Currency payment currency is not published, the shipper shall be paid in accordance with the exchange rate after the conversion.

Article 22 The shipper shall pay all prepaid freight and other charges. Consignee of the goods shall pay all to pay the freight and other costs.

All prepaid expenses or to pay, regardless of whether the goods lost, damaged, or the goods have not arrived at the destination named on the waybill, the carrier"s total income are. As a result of the loss caused by the carrier"s reason for goods, damaged or the goods have not arrived at the destination named on the waybill, the carrier shall be liable.

Article 23 of the shipper or consignee does not pay the freight and other charges, the carrier can retain the goods in accordance with law, and urge the relevant pay the freight and other costs. Consignor or consignee fails to pay within the prescribed period of freight and other charges, the carrier may dispose of the goods in accordance with the relevant regulations, and notify the shipper stated consignor or consignee.

Article 24 of the carrier and cargo advance taxes or charges related to the shipper and consignee shall be liable to the carrier to pay those taxes or the cost of the joint and several liability.

Article 25 The shipper refused to pay the freight and other charges, the carrier may cancel transport the goods.

Chapter V transport of goods

Article 26 The shipper shall provide the necessary information and documents in order to complete the formalities laws, administrative regulations before the cargo delivered to the consignee; because there is no such information, documents, or that the data file is not sufficient or does not in line with the provisions of the loss caused due to the addition to the carrier or its servants or agents caused by the fault of the shipper shall be liable to the carrier.

In addition to laws, administrative regulations, the carrier no information or documents in the preceding paragraph the obligation to check.

Article 27 of the carrier in timetables or other places is expected to announce the time period and does not constitute part of the contract of carriage, can not start as cargo, or the time to complete delivery of the goods. By special agreement and indicated on the waybill, the carrier shall in accordance with the agreed time of transport; no special agreement, the carrier shall use reasonable time transport.

Article 28 The carrier shall arrange the transport of goods. The carrier may change without notice stated on the waybill flights, route, type of aircraft or the carrier. It may be without notice, but should give due consideration to the interests of the shipper use other vehicles to transport goods.

Article 29 of the carrier after the collection, transportation of goods, measures should be taken in a timely manner the goods to the destination, or the inability to control unpredictable reasons, the carrier may, without notice, cancel, terminate, change, postpone, delay or advance The flight, or a flight continued without carrying cargo or cargo-carrying portion. Except otherwise provided by law, the carrier for the consequences arising therefrom shall not be liable.

Article 30 in accordance with applicable laws and administrative regulations, the carrier may be between the goods, make priority transport arrangements between the cargo and mail or passengers. The carrier may also remove part of the cargo and continue flight from shipment at any time and place. Due priority to the transport of goods not transport or cause to postpone, delay or transport of some goods are unloaded, the carrier for the consequences arising therefrom shall not be liable.

The carrier made a priority transport arrangements, should consider the practical interests of the shipper, and to make reasonable arrangements for transportation not timely transport of goods.

Article 31 The carrier shall establish supervision of loading unloading cargo handling system in accordance with its provisions.

Article 32 of the carrier can not continue to transport the goods shall make a record, inform the shipper or consignee, and to seek treatment advice.

Article 33 The shipper shall issue a shipper shipper Union, and submitted in writing, before the exercise of the right to dispose of the goods, and is applicable to all goods of a shipper for loss. The exercise of the right of disposal and the change of the consignee, the new consignee after the change, should be regarded as the consignee on the shipper.

The shipper has declared value stated shall not be changed. The exercise of the right to dispose of the declared value of the goods has been completed, the declared value paid an additional fee is not refundable.

Article 34 under the conditions of the shipper to fulfill its obligations under the air cargo transportation contract, the right to the airport of departure or destination airport cargo by withdrawing or suspending their shipment at a stop en route or at destination or transit It requires the goods to non-shipper named consignee, or requiring it to be shipped back to the airport of departure; however, the shipper must not exercise this right the carrier or other consignors and shall be paid by the this costs incurred.

Article 35 requires the shipper dispose of the goods shall conform to the People"s Republic of China and the transportation laws and regulations in the countries concerned. For non-compliance, the carrier shall refuse to handle.

Indicates the shipper dispose of the goods can not be performed, the carrier shall immediately notify the shipper.

Article 36 For the event occurs during air transport, cargo caused the destruction, loss or damage, the carrier shall be liable, except legal exemptions from liability.

Chapter VI delivered the goods

Article 37 after the goods have reached their destination, the carrier has not received other instructions in the case, shall promptly report to the shipper or consignee stated, issued a notice by others Arrive carrier agree. This notification issued in the usual manner, is not received or fails to receive this notification, the carrier is not liable.

Article 38 The consignee of the goods received or requested, the shipper, the shipper the right to dispose of the goods shall be terminated. Shipper or consignee refuses to accept the cargo, or if he can not get in contact with the consignee, shippers continue to exercise the right to dispose of the goods.

Article 39 Except as otherwise specifically stated in the shipping documents, the goods can only be delivered to the shipper by the consignee or his agent. Press one of the following delivery of the goods shall be deemed effective delivery:

(A) the carrier of the goods permitted credentials delivered to the consignee or his agent;

(B) the applicable law, has delivered the goods to customs or other government authorities.

Article 40 After the goods have reached their destination, the consignee refuses or fails to extract the goods within the stipulated time, the carrier shall execute the instruction of the shipper shipper stated. Did instructions or instructions can not be executed on the shipper, the carrier shall not be the consignee of the goods extraction advise the shipper, and the shipper shall directions.

Article 41 after the goods arrive at the destination airport did not receive shipper, the carrier can not deliver the goods according to their prescribed treatment within three months.

After the goods have reached their destination, the consignee within three months not completed the formalities of goods from the carrier prior to dispose of the goods, it shall notify the consignee.

Article 42 The shipper shall bear other expenses incurred consignee of the goods produced, including under shipper transported back to goods produced by other expenses.

Article 43 The shipper or consignee received the goods, shall bear all liability for payment of unpaid charges related to transportation. Unless otherwise agreed, the shipper shall not be discharged from liability to pay these costs, and jointly and severally liable with the consignee. The carrier can be a conditional surrender shipper or delivery of the goods to pay according to the situation.

Chapter VII of the special cargo transport

Article 44 refers to special cargo of dangerous goods, live animals, perishable goods, coffin and other special goods.

Article 45 special cargo shipper shall, in addition to general cargo transport provisions shall also meet the special cargo transport regulations. The shipper for failure to comply and cause losses to the carrier, the shipper shall be liable for, and compensation for loss of carrier transport of such goods caused. Special cargo shipper shall first contact with the carrier before shipment after consent of the carrier.

The shipper and consignee shall be checked and extraction in special cargo carrier designated location.

Article 46 of the carrier collection, transportation and special cargo shall, in addition to general cargo transport provisions shall also meet the special cargo transport regulations. Carrier for failure to comply and cause damage to the shipper, the carrier shall be liable.

Carrier transport special cargo, the captain should be established notice system.

The carrier should be checked and extraction designated special cargo location.

Article 47 If a carrier, without the approval of the General Administration of Civil Aviation of China, not transport combat arms, combat supplies.

Formulation and revision of Chapter VIII of the carrier transport conditions, provisions, etc.

Article 48 In order to manage international air transport of goods, the carrier shall be established by law, publish and modify its conditions of carriage, regulations and transport tariffs and other charges. Any modification before the amendment does not apply to the transport has already begun.

Chapter IX Supplementary Provisions

Article 49 These Rules shall come into effect from August 1, 2000.

On "China Civil Aviation International Carriage of Goods" description:

Before 1978, the implementation of China"s civil aviation Zhengqigeyi system. At that time few international routes, cargo is not, only the Civil Aviation Administration has developed a number of international freight business rules and regulations, management of international cargo air transportation is not formed under the regulations issued for implementation. After 1978, especially in the eighties, along with the increase of international routes, the rapid development of international air transport cargo, cargo growth each year, the Civil Aviation Administration Zhengqigeyi system developed under some freight traffic regulations system no longer meet the needs of the development of international air transport of goods. In order to adapt to changes in cargo international air transport, the Secretary under the provisions of the Civil Aviation Act, referring to the common practice of goods of international air transport, combined with the actual situation of China"s cargo international air transport, since 1995 drafted the "China Civil Aviation international transport of goods rules "(hereinafter referred to as" international goods rules "). After "international goods rules" formed the first draft, I Division under the preliminary draft "international goods rules" issued the relevant departments to solicit opinions, and has organized the first draft of the new airline "International cargo rules" to discuss, modify, forming a " China civil aviation international carriage of goods "manuscript.

The "international goods rules" nine chapters, forty-nine. They are as follows: General Provisions Chapter II Chapter III freight consignment of goods accepted for carriage chapter tariffs, freight and other costs to transport goods Chapter V Chapter VI Chapter VII of the delivery of the goods special cargo transport Chapter VIII Carrier formulation and revision of Chapter IX Supplementary transport conditions, regulations and the like.

Description is now related to the following:

First, the "international cargo regulations" General Provisions Article expressly provided, in accordance with the law applicable to the establishment of the People"s Republic of China public air transport enterprise of civil aircraft transporting goods for reward or free handling of international air transport.

Second, in order to make the carrier, shipper and consignee of the goods more accurate understanding of the new regulations concerning the meaning of the term, in the first quot;? General "by writing a rule in the meaning of the term, a list of seven term implications.

Third, the "international cargo rules" set forth in Chapter II, in addition to the shipper shipper should fill in, but at the same time clear the carrier makes out the shipper at the request of the shipper, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, it should be regarded as substituting consignor, shipper fill further defined between the carrier and shipper liability.

Fourth, the late seventies, China"s civil aviation does not receive "freight collect" transport of goods. However, as China"s air transport services on the international market, China"s international routes operate air transport companies have already started to handle this business. This is also in line with actual needs, so the "international cargo regulations" relevant provisions clear handle freight goods shall comply with the laws and regulations of the destination country, as well as provisions relating to air transport carrier.

Fifth, with the increasingly fierce international competition, in order to improve the quality of transport services, to reduce the damage to goods in transit due to human causes, the "international cargo rules" clearly requires carriers to establish monitoring equipment to monitor unloading system, in accordance with its cargo handling regulations. Meanwhile, in order to quickly reflect the characteristics of air transport, the carrier shall also clearly under consideration of the interests of the shipper, the complete transport a reasonable period of time, including the use of other vehicles to transport goods.

Sixth, the "international cargo rules" added the fourth chapter freight terms freight and other charges, the carrier shall be clearly published tariff. The freight and shipping costs apply only to the airport to airport, air transport, not including carrier providing air transportation charged by other costs related to ancillary services.

Seven, the "international cargo regulations" in the exercise of the right to dispose of the goods between the shipper and consignee have a clear distinction.

Eight special cargo transport for the problems in order to ensure flight safety and quality of such cargo, the "international cargo rules" clearly stipulates Article 45, forty-six in special cargo shipper and carrier in the collection, transportation of special cargo shall, in addition to general cargo transport provisions shall also meet the special cargo transport regulations. Meanwhile, to further clarify the responsibilities of special cargo transport carriers and shippers.


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