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The development of logistics information and trends

Word:[Big][Middle][Small] 2016/4/9     Viewed:    

Just the logistics demand growth slowed, competition in the market, we found that logistics information has invested in a marked increase in the logistics market become a notable bright spot, and become the main content of a new round of development of logistics; when most of the logistics after companies have accumulated more and more information technology experience, many people have had more and more doubts, they ask information in the logistics of the future direction and goals of what? There are rules to follow it?

Historically summed up the law

If the logistics information from the development process point of view, there are some core seems unchanging content can be summarized as the law, grasp the future direction of logistics information can provide some inspiration. A summary of these laws is the logistics information technology infrastructure itself, to understand the nature of the logistics industry will be a great help.

Logistics and information technology in the modern sense can generally date from the last century EDI sixties and seventies of. At that time a number of large enterprises in developed countries in order to improve trade, logistics efficiency between enterprises, electronic data interchange that is taking EDI technology, are the two main measures: First, to establish a third-party clearinghouse ---- EDI centers, enterprises Room without creating twenty-two communication lines, just to exchange EDI information center; the second is to establish a standard for exchanging data (code formats, communication, etc.), this standard data enterprises need to be exchanged after conversion and foreign exchange, will not affect the security of internal data. Although the use EDI Dedicated communication resulting in higher costs, the popularity of a certain degree of difficulty, but the logistics information to bring back profound inspiration. So far we have built a variety of public information platform, still in compliance with the above two principles, the standardization of third-party services and information exchange. Also noted that originated in the logistics information exchange and sharing of data, is probably unique in this industry, we are still so far for the construction of logistics public information platform plagued the industry for the importance of logistics information exchange and sharing of visible different from the ordinary.

To the 1980s and 1990s, due to the popularity of computer and LAN technology, the promotion of logistics information into a new phase, in order to manage all their own network resources and processes as the goal, and the formation of a variety to TMS, WMS is the core of the logistics information system. Since then, the logistics information network covering the two processes and the basic category, but this period is limited to the network and processes of the enterprise under the jurisdiction of the resources and operations.

From the turn of the century to the period of time at the beginning of the century, due to the large development of Internet technology, logistics information again turned to the direction of the exchange and sharing of information, the driving force behind the concept is that companies want to break their own networks and processes under the jurisdiction restrictions, began to consider Interop, partners social resources. But for various reasons, this effort is very slow progress, showing the use of Internet technology infrastructure logistics public information platform construction difficulties, affecting the logistics market network resource integration and collaborative processes. So far, the construction of logistics public information platform is still a limiting factor of development impact, but not yet past experience to make a scientific summary, the industry consensus.

But science and technology as the primary productive is not stopped in recent years, popularization and application of networking technology to promote the development of new logistics information, although there is a certain blindness in practice, but still faintly discernible direction, that is, industry to promote "smart logistics."

A brief review of the history of the above, we can draw some conclusions, to deepen understanding and grasp of the status quo for the future direction of development is beneficial:

First, the logistics information will always be around logistics networks and processes two basic category expansion, continue to troubleshoot network issues and processes, will also follow the law of development of networks and processes.

Second, logistics and public information exchange and sharing of information platform for the logistics industry, the special status, network and processes in the development of the key.

Third, the future direction is to promote intelligent logistics information logistics industry, but also the basis for the use of information technology continues to improve logistics management and control of resources.

Colorful market practice

We summarize the law whether it realistic? Also we have to go through the test of practice. Logistics information market practice is so colorful, it is indeed difficult to grasp. To this end first the logistics market to do a brief analysis. In fact, as long as the logistics networks and processes as two basic concepts extracted, the logistics market structure issues, the direction is quite clear.

The logistics market has two sections: one is the basis of market services such as transportation, storage, delivery, loading and unloading, the high dependence of resources, providing the relatively standardized processes standardized services, the core competitiveness more dependent on resources the size and layout of the balance, that is dependent on the emphasis on network assets. The other is a professional logistics services markets, such as automotive, logistics, clothing, logistics, food cold chain logistics, to provide a non-standard professional services for resource dependency for far less expertise and ability to control the dependent, or for processes for even more dependent on network resource dependency. In traditional logistics market, we do not see separation of the General Assembly of network resources and processes work, but with the further development of logistics, with the use of separate resources, basic service standards and professional non-standard service separation, although between them there are still inextricably linked, even more complex and diverse partnership, but the general trend of specialization is inevitable. Logistics have emerged two plates, and each exploring the way forward.

Overall, the basic services market oversupply, and because "(firm size) small, (logistics resources) scattered (market order) chaos, (service) poor" vicious competition seriously. Therefore, the direction of development through the integration of resources in intensive, standardized process to solve the basic pattern of oversupply. It is such a process that we are currently seeing. In the most typical highway market, for example, resource integration there have been some success stories, showing strong competitiveness, the development of the industry to provide a demonstration effect. There are three typical modes: First Nadu represented by assets of integration, the second is the transfer of the asset-light logistics base integration as the representative of the three cards line world is represented by a semi-integration of assets. In practice there are many different forms of integration, but the common point is the use of information technology means to achieve the integration of resources, the management systems, standards and accountability resources are cured within the same information system. On these markets, due to the relatively standardized processes, information resource management focuses on the network. Or that such information is that the competitiveness of the final degree of precision and control of logistics resources (goods and vehicles, libraries, etc) management. With the development of the logistics market demand for logistics resources and control requirements will continue to deepen, constitutes logistics network management information development path.

Professional logistics services market is basically in short supply, so most professional logistics services are not outsourced. One important reason is that the traditional logistics enterprises do not understand the logistics of professional special process, not used to value-based processes and services innovation, but also lack the ability to integrate the process into other value-added services. Only a few companies control professional logistics business model, that is, new customer value innovation as the goal, the traditional job is a means of orders, process optimization and value-added services for profit basis, with strong non-standard order processing capability. Based on this information formed part of the basic process-oriented information technology development path, specialization deeper and deeper links between the different responsibilities, rights and benefits to define and deliver increasingly clear specification, also known as Process transparency, these are the processes in the field of information technology features. Currently, the fastest-growing specialty automotive logistics market logistics, food cold chain logistics, pharmaceutical logistics, clothing, logistics, hazardous chemicals, logistics and so on. The development of these professional logistics has a strong industrial background, or that these professional logistics has a very distinct customer value driven.

Let"s look at public information platform construction. Previous period, governments have invested in the construction of various types of logistics public information platform, but little success, failure is indeed a lot. Recent government investment cautious, but there have been some private investment information platform success stories, such as the Land of Wealth, Shenzhen easy flow, their market is growing, business has entered a virtuous circle. In addition to Sheng-chia garment logistics platform so more compelling. This reflects a problem, public information integration platform is the market behavior, compliance with laws of the market, that the formation of the value of service in the competition, subject to the rules of survival of the fittest. Obviously government investment platform difficult to adapt to such a request.

In fact, the development of logistics information platform is large, because the division of labor and cooperation in the social development process more and more frequently, we will see more and more detailed division of labor, while working more and more common, more and more deeply level. Between unification and division, the need for a bridge or link, which is the value of a public platform. All this should be carried out only under the rules of the market game, in order to form an effective division of labor and cooperation. Therefore, the public service has broad prospects, while internet services must be standardized, so the development of a common platform competition is actually refined the standard process of public services. Government is more suitable for those in public service in the field of supervision according to law in a public platform, rather than a public service commercial.

Looking to the future direction of grasp

Logistics information practice is colorful, dazzling, some people inevitably will be issued do not know the future direction of the generous. Historically, however, carding status quo, some trends can be grasped or requirements.

First, the basis of the market of the logistics industry will accelerate the integration of resources, the performance of the network information is the main area of competition. Network information is based on the ability to control logistics resources, coupled with the ability to control network for distribution and more dynamic equilibrium may eventually translated into resource identification, time and space tracking resource properties.

Secondly, still depends on the development needs of professional logistics industry background, but the process of transparency is always a basis for professional logistics information, this transparency is endless, because the process of resource Samaranch more relevant attributes these attributes become a professional logistics value source of innovation. The transparency of these techniques actually attribute information by time, space recorded in order to be used in the process.

The logistics industry in the era of things will move toward intelligent logistics era. What is smart? In fact, nothing more than performance in the field of logistics network intelligence and intelligent processes. Intelligent network, in essence, for the intelligent management of logistics resources, in the case of the complex are able to reduce the waste of resources, and constantly improve utilization. Process intelligence, intelligence is the value of innovation, are in complex situations can always choose the best program, the ability to maximize the value of the service implementation. These two together is intelligent logistics.

Innovative Logistics Public Information Platform will be a new climax, but compared with the previous market mechanism more obvious. Public services will be more modular and embedded rendering characteristics of the public service after standardization is integrated in the user"s own information systems.

At the technical level, we can see the identification, location-based services and mobile communications technology will be three technical foundation of logistics information. In the intelligent trend, driven by foreseeable logistics intelligent terminal equipment will be of great development, irrespective of their varied forms, its basic feature is the integrated identification, positioning technology and mobile communications, if we add the special needs of some specific information collection function (sensor), the specific attributes of logistics resources and the associated time and space to record and thus to raise the level of control to the so-called "intelligent" level.

From the 1960s and 1970s, counting, logistics information has gone through half a century, during which a variety of practice is a priceless treasure, summing up the historical experience and explore the law of development work to reduce future blindness is important and therefore should also be information technology work an important part of logistics.

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